Tractors and Green Revolution in India

Indian Green Revolution

In probably every book in school, one would have gone through the statement “India is an agricultural country” but things were not the same immediately post-independence. India had the ideal terrain and soil quality required for cultivation of crops but due to lack of proper inputs and equipment, the output was never enough to feed the country's own people. It was only in the 1960s that the Indian Government focused on the aspect of revolutionizing the way agriculture is practiced in India. Thus, imports of modern agricultural machinery like tractors, harvesters, and high yielding variety of seeds were allowed and encouraged in India.

Role of Tractors in Green Revolution

If we must name a machine associated with agriculture, then without a doubt the first thing which would come into anyone’s mind would be tractors.  In India, till the initial years of 1960, tractors were imported from countries like Germany, UK, and Poland. Green revolution refers to a period when agriculture in India was brought into the modern era due to adoption of high yield seeds, pesticides, irrigation, fertilizers, and most importantly, tractors.  The earliest tractors under the Green Revolution – DT 14 and Belarus - were brought from Russia

From 1961, since the local production of tractors started, India has seen exponential growth. Mahindra, Eicher, HMT, Gujarat Tractors ltd., Massey Ferguson were few of the companies who started manufacturing tractors in India.  From the preliminary days of producing 52000 units, India now produces one-third of the world’s total production and is also one of the prime exporters of tractors. Along with foreign brands who have invested in the Indian tractor market, there have been quite a few homegrown brands that have pioneered in tractor manufacturing like Mahindra tractors, Preet tractors, and Ace tractors.

Tractors form an important part of farm mechanization and play a vital role in increasing the overall productivity. The best part about tractors is its wide range of usage - not only can a tractor be used for harvesting but also as and when required implements can be attached and can be used for various other purposes. It can be even used as a mode of transport and for support in the construction industry.   The number of tractors used for cultivation increased from 0.3 lakh in 1960-61 to about 20 lakhs in 1999-2000.

Few important facts about tractors and its contribution to the green revolution are below

The Green Revolution has helped India increase total production of crops, increase yields, expand irrigation, and increase use of fertilizers and pesticides.  All this was made possible by the introduction and promotion of tractors in farming. 

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