Agriculture production is the process of cultivating animals or plants to produce yield for enhancing or sustaining human life. We use a vast array of agricultural products every day; this range comes from food and goes up to clothes and paper. Apart from this, flowers and ethanol gas are also produced by agriculture. However, Agriculture production is a series of various activities that will result in the product eventually being sold. Simply put, agriculture generates most of the world’s food and fabrics, with wool, cotton and leather all agricultural products. In addition, agriculture also provides timber for construction and paper products.
Environmental factors play the biggest role in agriculture production because they effect the crop, including climate, soil, water and properties. These factors are a combination of environments that allows the farmers to grow the specific crops in some areas. Therefore, agricultural production includes various activities: cultivating soil, raising and rearing, feeding, and managing animals, plantain, and harvesting crops. Apart from this, it includes Aquaculture (raising private aquatic animals), Floriculture (growing flowering plants), and Horticulture (growing fruits, vegetables, and plants).
In India, Madhya Pradesh is predominantly an agricultural state, with 55% of the population engaged in agriculture production activities. However, China takes the first place which is mainly involved in agriculture activities, followed by the US, Brazil, India, Russia and France etc.
What Can be Mainly Produced by Agriculture?
Food:– Wheat is the largest agricultural producer in the world. However, some crops are turned into forage and fed to animals, producing dairy products such as milk or are turned into food for humans or different animals.
Fuel:– We can use agricultural products to produce fuel, such as ethanol produced from corn, sorghum or sugarcane.
Fibre:– Fibre crops include cotton, wool, and silk. It’s even possible to produce bamboo fibre to make cloth.
Raw Materials:– Many crops can be grown for feed animals, which are considered the other agricultural production.
Top Agricultural Producing Countries in the World 2023
There is significant agriculture production by countries. Here, you can check the statistics of Agriculture in developed countries.
Production – China has only 10% of arable land worldwide and produces a quarter of the global grain output. China leads the agriculture production of fruit, vegetables, cereals, cotton, eggs and poultry. However, wheat, rice and maize are the three major crops, and the production of these three crops accounts for over 90% of China’s total food production.
Worth – China is a world leader in agriculture production and supplies about 50% of the world’s vegetables, producing 500 million tons. A large population is associated with agriculture in this country. 2020/21 cotton production was 26.5 million 480-pound bales. Generally, it is the best farming country in the world.
Recondition – In 2019, China overtook the US and the European Union to become the world’s leading exports in agriculture production, with exports of $133.1 billion. It is a country where native plant vegetables along roadsides and they transform their farming into vertical farming (plantation on walls), which is an advanced option.
2. The United States
Production – Corn, Soybeans, Wheat, Cotton, and Hay account for 90% of harvested acreage in the United States. These are grown for human consumption and animal feed. The largest growing crop is Corn in the US because it produces 247,882,000 tonnes; after that, soybean produces 74,598,000 tonnes.
Worth – The United States is well-known for its agricultural science and also considered the some of the advanced agricultural technology globally. The United States of America is the model country in the agriculture production sector. It is the development of crop analysis, scientific soil and more innovative machinery. In 2020, the United States had just over 2 million acres of land. However, it is the best country for farming.
Recondition – The United States has found a 5% growth in agriculture production since 1990. Each farmer’s average annual enhancement in agriculture production was 0.84% per annum. Industries related to agricultural production contributed $1.055 trillion to US gross domestic product (GDP) in 2020, accounting for 5.0%. America’s farm output contributed $134.7 billion of this amount and also it is about 0.6% of GDP.
Production – Coffee, sugar, soybeans, manioc, rice, maize, cotton, edible beans and wheat are major agricultural products. Brazil is also the world’s cassava producer and a leading grower of beans, corn (maize), bananas, cacao, and rice. In addition, Brazil has approximately 7% of its land area used for soybean production.
Worth – Brazil is the world’s huge coffee producer; It was the country’s most important single exporter in the mid of the 20th century. In addition, the country has the ninth-largest economy in the world, mainly for its agriculture production, which contributes greatly to its GDP. Brazil engaged in agriculture production with 41% of the total land.
Recondition – The total land area of Brazil is about 2.1 billion acres. Therefore, the area occupied by agriculture in Brazil is about 867.4 million acres. In the last two decades, 25% of GDP made up of agricultural production. In addition, Brazil is the world’s fourth-largest food producer and ranks as the number one crop producer.
Production – India is the largest agricultural production country in the world for milk, jute and pulses. It ranks as the 2nd largest producer of rice, wheat, groundnut, sugarcane, vegetables, fruits and cotton. In addition, it has engaged in major agriculture production of spices, fish, livestock, poultry and plantation crops. Indian agriculture gives around 58% of livelihood to Indians.
Worth – Agricultural production by country, through horticulture and animal husbandry, contributes 60% of India’s total agricultural GDP. Agriculture production in India has increased by 11% over the last 14 years, from 87 USD bn to 397 USD.
Recondition – Recent data shows that the agriculture production sector is the main income source for almost half of the population. Moreover, agriculture’s share in India’s GDP increased to 19.9% in 2020-21 from 17.8% in 2019-20.
Production – The major crops grown in Russia are wheat, barley, oats, sunflower seeds, potatoes and rye. The largest share of arable land is devoted to wheat, which in 2009 occupied 21.9% of all arable land in Russia. Moreover, about half of the cultivable land is covered by the cultivation of cereals. In addition, it produces 70% of the total food grains in the country; therefore, it has become the most advanced country in agriculture production.
Worth – In 2020, Miratorg listed as the largest agricultural holding in Russia by agricultural land ownership. The agriculture production industry occupies about 6% of the total Russian GDP. Russia has more than 23 million hectares of cultivable land.
Recondition – Agriculture production in Russia is a profitable business that provides employment opportunities. In addition, crop production in Russia has become a very profitable business since 2014. Therefore, the general population provides 16% of all employment opportunities in Russia’s agriculture production industry.
Production – Among the largest agricultural products, France stands out in terms of the amount of wheat, cereals, potatoes and beets in root vegetables, pork, beef and raw milk. In addition, France is most active in agriculture production like grapes and is the largest producer of wine in the world. And it is considered the best agriculture country in the world.
Worth – There are about 7,30,000 farms in France; therefore, about 7% of the French population depend on agriculture and forestry. In France, almost everyone involves in activities related to agriculture production.
Recondition – Flour and cereals have increased by 12% in the last few years. Real income from agriculture grew by 4% in the previous period. “With the world population to reach 9.5 billion by 2050, increasing food agriculture production is crucial for the survival of mankind. However, this will not be easy, with the projected increase in the cultivated area being only 5 to 10%.
Production – In the 21st century, Mexico’s main agricultural products consist of fruits, corn, milk, poultry and eggs, which contain about 80% of agriculture production. However, the most profitable tropical crops are sugarcane and coffee. In addition, Mexico is engaged in livestock farming on a large scale, including milk, poultry and eggs.
Worth – Mexico has around 15% of land occupied by agriculture and approximately 50% for livestock. In addition, the indispensable export crops are sugar, coffee, fruits and vegetables, which export to the United States. Overall, it is the best country in agriculture technology.
Recondition – Agriculture production in Mexico is crucial for the country’s economy, both historically and politically. The country is also well-known for its agricultural exports. The main aspect of Mexico’s agriculture is growing crops, and ½ of the agriculture production comes under the crop account.
Production – Rice is the vital crop in Japan and is the main crop of the world. Other crops grown in Japan include soybeans, barley, wheat and many vegetables and fruits. The largest export growth in 2019 was in rice and hay, to $43 million and $64 million, respectively. Additionally, Japan increased soybean exports to $37 million in agriculture production.
Worth – There are two major types of Japanese agriculture production fields: Tambo and Saiden. Japan’s agriculture contributes just 2% to GDP, and about 10% of its population lives on agriculture. Japan is sparsely populated, and also the average area covered by farms is only 1.2 hectares (3 acres); they developed integrated farming.
Recondition – The self-sufficiency rate for the fiscal year 2019 was 98% for rice, 11% for beef and 17% for wheat. in addition, In 2019, Japan’s annual exports of agricultural, fisheries and forestry products and foods were JP¥912.1 billion and became the high record for the seven consecutive years.
Production – Germany is the world’s fourth-largest producer of 26.1 million tons of sugar beet in 2018 to produce ethanol and sugar. It is followed by million tonnes of wheat (10th largest producer in the world). In addition, Germany is the third-largest producer of barley in the world at 9.5 million tonnes.
Worth – About 80% of the country’s land is owned by agriculture and forestry. Apart from this, around 87% of Germany’s farmers own 124 acres. Additionally, it receives 50% billion euros per annum in agriculture production, produced by 1 million people.
Recondition – Germany’s agricultural production sector is one of the fourth largest producers in the European Union. To feed more than 200 million animals, farmers use about 50% of arable land and grassland for growing food.
Production – Turkey plays a major role in the agricultural production of wheat, sugar beets, fresh cow milk, tomatoes, barley, grapes, potatoes, corn, watermelon and apples. In addition, Turkey’s most widely produced agricultural commodities include apricots, cherries, hazelnuts with shells, figs, quince and poppy.
Worth – Turkey ranks 10th in the largest agriculture production in the world. Also, it is a top producer and exporter of crops ranging from hazelnuts and chestnuts to apricots, cherries, figs, olives, tobacco and tea. Agriculture is Turkey’s largest employer, representing 25% of the workforce and contributing 8% to the country’s economic activity.
Recondition – Poultry farming is a big business in hilly areas. In addition, it contributes 1/4 of the total agricultural production in the world. Turkey’s most popular grain is wheat. Beetroot ranks second, followed by milk and cow. The agriculture sector provided about 19.2% of the total employment in Turkey in 2018.
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Que. Which country is the largest Milk producer in the world?
Ans. India is the largest producer of milk in the world.
Que. What is the major producing crop in Japan?
Ans. Rice is the major crop grown in Japan.
Que. What are the main agricultural products in Mexico?
Ans. Beef, fruits, corn, milk, poultry, eggs and pork are the main products of agriculture in Mexico.
Que. How Many types of Japanese agriculture production fields?
Ans. There are 2 types of Japanese agriculture: Tambo and Saiden.
Que. Which is the model country in the agriculture production sector?
Ans. The United States is the model country in the agriculture production sector.