Potato planter is an implement designed to plant potato seeds. The manual planting of potatoes is very laborious and slow. That’s why potato planters work by forming 2 slits in the field using a double-sided plough and opening up the slit.
As we know the Potato planters are mainly used for planting potatoes in the potato farming business. Potato planter farming is one of the profitable farming businesses. So firstly, let’s know about potato farming quickly.
Potato Farming With Potato Planter
Potatoes are an essential food crop of the world. It is an economical crop and referred to as “Poor man friend”. Its origin was in South America. Potatoes have a rich source of starch and vitamins. It is a vegetable, but also it has many uses such as making chips, etc. In addition, it is used for several industrial purposes for the production of starch and alcohol. Potatoes are produced in almost all states of India.
Major Potato Producing Indian States
Major potato-growing states are Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Punjab, Karnataka, Assam and Madhya Pradesh. In Punjab, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Ludhiana and Patiala are the major potato producing regions.
Cultivation of Potato In India
1. Climate Requirement
To cultivate the potatoes, climatic requirements are necessary. To plant the potatoes here we mention every climatic requirement such as:-
- Temperature to plant – 14-25°C
- Rainfall for productive growth – 300-500mm
- Seed Sowing Temperature – 15-25°C
- Harvesting Temperature of Crop – 14-20°C
2. Soil Requirement
Potatoes can grow on an extensive range of soil, ranging from sandy loam, silt loam, and clay soils. When grown under well-drained sandy loam and medium loam soils rich in organic content, it gives the best yield. However, they can grow in acidic soil. It cannot grow under waterlogged soil. Also, saline, alkaline soils are not suitable for potato cultivation.
Popular Varieties Of Potato With Their Cultivation Requirements
3. Land Preparation
If you prepare the ground bed by cultivating land up to 20-25 cm deep. Take two or three harrowing after the ploughing operation. A wooden deck should also level soil one to two times. Maintain adequate moisture in the ground before seed planting. For planting, two methods are generally used, 1) Ridge and furrow method 2) and the Flat Bed method.
4. Plantation Requirement
Time of Sowing
Proper planting time is essential for obtaining a good production. The best planting time is when maximum and minimum temperature is from 30-32°C and 18-20°C, each.
For early season crops, the complete sowing process starts from 25th September to 10th October. In medium duration crops, the sowing process should be done from the first week of October to the third week of October. For late duration crops, the complete sowing process starts from the 3rd week of October to the 1st week of November. For the spring season, the second fortnight of January is the best time for planting.
For planting, you should make the distance of 20 cm between tubers and 60 cm between ridges manually or mechanically. Planting distance varies with the size of tubers. For example, if the tuber width ranges from 2.5-3.5 cm, make a planting distance of 60×15 cm, whereas if the diameter of the tuber is 5-6 cm, use spacing of 60×40 cm.
Dig a 6-8 inches deep channel and plant a piece of potato with the pointing up.
Method of Sowing
For sowing the potato seeds, use tractor operated semi-automatic or automatic planters.Types of
Potato Planter Machine in India
There are 3 types of Potato Planters.
1. Automatic Potato Planter
In this type of potato planter, a vertical, rotating picker wheel with cups picks up the potato and drops it in the trench. It also has a tool to check each cup, in which there is a potato seed or not. Then, it makes sure that the potatoes are planted at a similar distance. There are 2-4 rows of potato planters available in the market and have an excellent capacity to produce 6000-14000 potatoes per hour. Some of the planters also come with fertilizer application mechanisms. You can operate a this machine with 35-60 HP and above tractors.
2. Semi-Automatic Potato Planter
It comes with a horizontal, rotating feed ring with cups, but it does not have the tool to check whether each cup has a seed potato or not. Due to this, it requires manual labour to check every cup. It also comes as a 2-4 rows planter, but comparatively, it is quite slower than an automatic planter. Nevertheless, it can operate with 25-45 HP and above tractors.
3. High-Speed Automatic Potato Planter
It has a picker-pin type tool with two picker wheels. Eight picker pins pick the potatoes and put them in the trenches. After that, they start doing double the sowing speed, but this doesn’t mean picker wheels rotate faster. Instead, they operate at half the average speed of the single wheel. You can use it with 35 and above HP tractors.
Potato Planter Advantages
With this machine, seeds can easily be cut in a triangle shape and properly use space.
The potato planter machine could meet the various requirements of agriculture.
The main advantage of using this machine is Labor-saving, high output, easy and comfortable work.
5. Harvesting Process
It is necessary to get the virus-free seed. Also, it increases the size and number of tubers. Dehaulming means cutting of foliage close to the ground at fixed timing or date. Its timing varies according to the region and the aphid (a type of worm) population.
The crop is ready for harvesting when most of the leaves turn yellow-brown and fall on the ground. Harvest the potato crops 15-20 days after hauling at proper moisture in the soil. Harvesting can be done by a tractor-drawn potato digger or manually with the help of a shovel or khurpi.
After harvesting, you should have potatoes spread on the ground and dry in the shade. Then, keep them in stores for 10-15 days in the shade for curing the skin. Finally, remove damaged and rotten tubers.
Top 5 Potato Planter Brands
For better plantation of potatoes, you must check the top potato planter machines with brands and the their features.
1. Mahindra Potato Planter
Mahindra Potato Planter, perfect for farming and provides efficient work on the field. It comes in 55-90 HP implement power that provides fuel-efficient work. It is an implement that comes from the Mahindra brand house, which is known for its great quality niches. Mahindra potato planter price is so relevant which helps you to buy a sweet potato planter price in your budget.
This Mahindra potato planter is easy to operate and maintain. It is manufactured with quality parts for longer life.
You can maintain a uniform distance between rows and between each plant with this implement.
This implement requires a tractor with specified width and depth.
The scientific method of planting the potatoes intermediately helps in increasing the productivity and quality of potatoes.
2. Swaraj Potato Planter
Buy Swaraj Potato Planter for sale, perfect for farming and provides excellent work on the field. It comes in the seeding & plantation category and 55-90 HP implement power that provides fuel-efficient work. It is an implement that comes from the Swaraj brand house, which is known for its great qualities.
3. Sonalika Potato Planter
Best potato planter from Sonalika brand which is perfect for farming and provides productivity on the field. It also comes between the 55-90 HP implement power that provides fuel-efficient work. It is an implement that comes from the Sonalika brand house, which is known for its great qualities. Sonalika potato planter price starts from Rs. 4.75 Lakh* – Rs. 5.1 Lakh*.
4. Agristar Potato Planter – 2 Row
It gives powerful work in the farms that make Agristar Potato Planter – 2 Row ideal for farming. Along with this, it has a sufficient HP Implement power that provides excellent work.
5. Landforce Potato Planter
It gives powerful work in the farms that make Landforce Potato Planter ideal for farming. Along with this, it has a sufficient HP Implement power that provides excellent work. Landforce potato planter price in India is budget-friendly and easily affordable by the farmers.
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