Aridity! Climatic changes and lack of knowledge spoils farming. Sometimes the farmers don’t even get the information regarding farming, what they have to choose and How? We know agriculture is an essential part of everything; it is just like a centre of the point of a circle, and every part is connected with it. As well as every aspect like the economy, GDP and farmer’s livelihood also, all are connected with farming as it is a primary identification of India.
As it seems its popularity, every farmer must be well known about every minor thing regarding farming. The process of farming is common between farmers, and they know how to start. Still, sometimes to prevent the crops from deficiencies, they need different types of fertilizers or types of liquid fertilizer also. There are types of compound fertilizers and types of mineral fertilizers that a farmer needs to grow a plant. Here are two types of organic fertilizers as manure/compost, and wood ash and every manure and compost are included in these two types. But apart from all these fertilizers, there are basically three major types of fertilizers that are chemical, organic and bio fertilizers also. Before knowing about the fertilizers and their uses, you should know why it is necessary for the crops.
Why Is Crop Fertilizing Necessary?
A human body needs the nutritional value of nutritional food to grow well. Plants also need many nutrients or fertilizers to grow healthy. To grow healthy crops full of nutrients, farmers also have to ensure that they have healthy soil or not. Because without fertilizers, nature struggles to replenish the nutrients to the soil. That’s why crop fertilization is necessary.
At the time of crop harvesting, nutrients have to be removed from the soil. So, the soil has to be replenished with nutrients again to grow another crop. If the soil is not filled with fertilizers, the crop quality will also decrease after a time.
Suitable fertilizing and the best care of crops makes them healthy and makes a chain that provides nutritional output such as food.
Firstly, the fertilizers provide nutrients that feed the soil
Secondly, the soil feeds the plants and helps them to grow
Lastly, plants feed animals and people and provide them with nutritional food items.
Types Of Fertilizers And Their Uses
As we know, the plants need nutrients to grow, which they consume from the soil through the plant’s roots. And fertilizers provide the major nutrients, whether they are organic or inorganic. Unless the requirement of nutrients fills up, the soil productivity and growing capacity will decrease with every harvesting. Basically, there are many types of agricultural fertilizers, but here we are showing the two types of fertilizers that include every kind of mineral fertilizer and natural fertilizer also. Types of fertilizers used in agriculture are as follows.
A. Organic Fertilizer
B. Inorganic Fertilizer
Difference Between Organic Fertilizer And Inorganic Fertilizer
Before describing the type of fertilizers specifically, we are showing the difference between organic and inorganic fertilizers. This difference will help to understand the organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer, respectively.
|They are natural fertilizers that depend on plant & animal-based materials also.
|While inorganic fertilizers are synthetic and depend on minerals and synthetic chemicals.
|Organic fertilizers are made of by and end products that release from natural processes.
|This fertilizer includes nutrients and is made of petroleum and chemicals.
|Organic Fertilizer produced from cow manure, bio compost and leaf mold.
|Whereas this fertilizer produces from minerals, earth mining and micronutrients.
|Organic fertilizers use micro organisms to release nutrients and are less risky of chemical toxicity.
|Inorganic fertilizers have a high risk of chemical toxicity in overdose quantities. This can decrease the growth potential of plants.
|You can use organic fertilizer in an overdose quantity due to its harmful nature.
|Its dose should be in exact and suitable quantity due to its harmful nature.
A. Organic Fertilizers
Organic fertilizers are commonly known as ‘Natural Fertilizers’. All types of organic fertilizers release nutrients gradually according to time. Plants require a higher quantity of organic fertilizers to ensure a consistent supply of nutrients. All types of natural fertilizers help maintain the humus on the soil that keeps the soil moisturized and improves the soil’s health and quality. Here are different types of organic fertilizer for all types of plants which we mentioned below.
Types of Organic Fertilizer
1. Cow Dung Manure
However, there are different kinds of organic fertilizer, but cow dung manure is one of the best and most common fertilizer types in India. It is also easily available at any cowshed and any milkman’s house, or you can buy cow dung online also. Instead of fresh cow dung, you should use well, rotten cow dung to provide the nutrients to the plants through this organic fertilizer. To identify, the best cow dung for fertilizer should be in black, moisturized and also in powdered form.
Bio-compost is one of the bio fertilizer types and is produced from bio waste that can decompose and change into compost. The different types of bio fertilizers are green waste that you can obtain from the kitchen, brown waste from farms, fruit peels and also from eggshells.
3. Leaf Mould
It is a type of compost that is made of fungus, bacterial and dry leaves. This is one of the best types of fertilizers for vegetables. Due to its good humus, you can use it rooting it in medium to grow a stem or in an orchid and ferns pot.
It is one of the popular types of soil fertilizer or manure. You can obtain from the natural waste of earthworms. The ideal vermicompost should be dark, moist and in rough or also in the powdered form.
5. Wood Ash
It is an outstanding source that contains lime and potassium. The wood ash fertilizer provides many nutrients and also other elements to the garden that a plant needs to grow well.
It is one of the types of organic fertilizers and compost that is partially decomposed by organic materials. Peat is mainly produced from plant materials which are dense under critical conditions like waterlogging, deficiency of oxygen, acidity in the soil and also lack of nutrients.
B. Inorganic Fertilizer
The inorganic fertilizer is also known as synthetic fertilizer that contains artificial minerals or different types of synthetic fertilizers. The different types of npk are the main elements in organic fertilizers, npk refers to potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. The use of fertilizers in agriculture is increasing day by day, and inorganic fertilizer is the most common process that is used to thrive the plants. Npk fertilizer is less time consuming, and due to this nature, it becomes the most prior fertilizer rather than organic fertilizer. Here are some common types of Inorganic fertilizer, which we have mentioned below.
Types of Inorganic Fertilizer
1. Nitrogen Fertilizer
The nitrogen fertilizer contains ammonia or its solutions. The use of ammonium nitrate is very high in the place of nutrients to grow the plants. In addition, urea fertilizer is another popular nitrogen fertilizer because of its solid and non-explosive nature. There are many different types of nitrogen fertilizers that also help to thrive a plant wisely.
2. Phosphorus Fertilizers
The Phosphorus Fertilizers mainly contain the Diammonium Phosphate (DAP), Monoammonium Phosphate (MAP), NPKs, etc. These fertilizers extensively used in farming, and due to their high nutrition components and good physical properties, it becomes more prominent among the farmers.
3. Potassium Fertilizers
Potassium is one of the types of potash fertilizer that contains high values and extensively used globally. Potash basically provides the required nutrients to grow the crops. In addition, potassium increases the plant’s potential and also makes them disease-free, drought tolerance, improves the rigidity in stems, etc.
4. Sulphur, Calcium, and Magnesium Fertilizers
They are the essential plant nutrient fertilizer that helps to increase the pH of soil.
5. Micronutrient Fertilizers
Micronutrients fertilizers are one of the types of mixed fertilizers that also includes many components such as boron, chlorine, manganese, iron, zinc and many more. These all types of fertilizers of micronutrients help to deliver the nutrient supply for growing plants.
Role Of Crop Specific Fertilizer
There are different kinds of fertilizers for plants that help to grow a plant from roots to the fruit, vegetable or flower. All the fertilizers for farming has their own speciality in specific parts of the plant. So, let’s start to know the best forms of fertilizers and also the role of fertilizers for agriculture.
It mainly feeds the leaf and is known as a leaf maker. Nitrates are a popular agri fertilizer that is high in nitrogen. Also, it helps plants to grow faster and boost up their formation to produce more leaves.
It is mainly put to feed the roots and the best fertilizers for root crops. Phosphates are a type of fertilizers that are high in phosphorus. It provides nutrients to the root and also helps for rapid growth.
It used to feed the fruit, flowers and vegetables that are growing on the plant. Potash fertilizers are rich in potassium that encourages the types of plant food formation. The adequate quantity of potash leads to increased fruit production with a good quality, fresh taste and also a shiny look.
4. Mixed Fertilizers:
It used to feed the whole plant from the root to the fruit, flower and vegetable. You can derive that mixed fertilizers are as micronutrients. The types of npk fertilizer are comes under mixed fertilizers. The mix of these nutrients helps to grow the leaves, roots, flowers & fruits also.
Stay tuned for more such blogs regarding farming. In addition, to know more about types of bio fertilizers with farming, keep tuned with TractorGuru.
Que. Which is the best fertilizer for our plant?
Ans. Both Organic & Inorganic fertilizers are good for the plants.
Que. What types of fertilizers I should prefer to grow leaves?
Ans. You should prefer Nitrates to grow leaves.
Que. How to prevent my plants from nutrient deficiency?
Ans. You should put an adequate amount of Micronutrients to prevent your plants from deficiencies.
Que. Which is the easily available organic fertilizer for plants?
Ans. Cow dung and Bio-waste is the organic fertilizer that can easily available.
Que. Which is the best inorganic fertilizer to make the roots strong?
Ans. To make the plant root strengthen, you can use Phosphates nutrients.