Hey farmers, I hope you are doing well. So, here we are back with another interesting topic, Top 5 Most Profitable Crops in India, which help you make money.
As we know, agriculture is the most profitable sector Worldwide. The economy of any country depends upon the agriculture sector. Here, today, we are talking about top 5 most profitable crops in India. India is the second-largest country that involved in the agriculture sector.
For Indian, agriculture is the primary activity in which crops, foods, raw materials and many more things are produced. With time, Indian agriculture is rising, and Increasing demand for crops takes this sector to new heights. Let’s check out the Top 5 most profitable crops details.
Categories of Crops India
The Indian crops are categorized in three categories according to the seasons:-
June-July to September-October
Rice, maize, jowar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut, soybean etc.
Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra
October-December to April-June
Wheat, barley, peas, gram, mustard etc. groundnut, soybean etc.
Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh
March to July
Seasonal fruits, vegetables, fodder crops etc
Most of the northern and northwestern states
The crops grown in India are categorized in three categories according to their usage:-
- Food Crops – Maize, Wheat, Rice, Millets, Pulses etc.
- Cash Crops – Sugarcane, Tobacco, Cotton, Jute, Oilseeds etc.
- Plantation Crops – Tea, Coffee, Coconut, Rubber etc.
- Horticulture crops – Fruits and Vegetables
Which Are Top 5 Most Profitable Crops in India Which Provide High Profit To Farmers?
Many profitable major crops grown in India. Due to this, there has been a lot of improvement in the farming sector. These types of crops in India include food crops and raw material. In the below section, we show a list of crops grown in India. So, check out the below.
The first crop on the list is rice. Rice is a highly consumed food, and that is why the demand for this crop is very high. That is the reason it widely cultivated across the World. India holds the second position in producing rice. And covers one-third of the total cultivated Indian area.
- It is a Kharif crop and staple food which widely consumed by half of the Indian peoples
- It requires a temperature of 22-32℃ with high humidity.
- Rice crops are commonly grown in 150-300 cm rainfall.
- Deep clayey and loamy soil is suitable for rice crops.
- West Bengal, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, and Bihar are the largest rice-producing Indian states.
Wheat is the second crop mentioned in this list. It is a rabi crop and staple food. After rice, wheat is the food crop that is widely consumed in India. It requires a low temperature and cools the growing season.
- It requires a temperature of 10-15°C (Sowing) and 21-26°C (Harvesting) with bright sunlight.
- Suitable rainfall for wheat production is around 75-100 cm.
- Well-drained fertile loamy and clayey loamy are perfect for wheat crops.
- In wheat production, India is in the second position.
- Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan are some central wheat-producing states in India.
The next profitable crop on the list is maize. Maize is the crop that used as both fodder and food. It is a Kharif crop that is popular among the people. After rice and wheat, maize is the only crop that everyone consumes.
- Maize crop India requires a temperature of 21°C – 27°C for good growth. Also, high rainfall is suitable for this crop.
- It can easily grow in old alluvial soil.
- India is in the 7th position in the production of maize.
- High-yielding variety seeds, fertilizers and irrigation are the main reason for increasing maize production.
- Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana are the top maize producing states.
The next crop on the list is pulses. This crop is a main source of protein. The most popular pulses which are grown in India are Tur (Arhar), urad, moong, Masur, peas and gram.
- India is the greatest consumer and producer of pulses.
- For growing pulses, 20 – 27°C temperature is perfect.
- The rainfall around 25-60 cm is suitable for pulses.
- It can easily grow in Sandy-loamy soil.
- Except for Arhar, all the pulses are leguminous crops.
- Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Karnataka are some pulses producing states.
The last profitable crop on the list is Jute. It used to make burlap, mats, ropes, yarn, carpets, hessian or gunny cloths. Jute is popular as golden fibre. It is one of the best cash crops in India.
- The jute crops require 25-35°C temperature and around 150-250 cm rainfall.
- Well-drained alluvial soil is the perfect soil for Jute.
- India is the biggest producer and exporter of Jute.
- The main concentrated point for Jute is Eastern India.
- West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, and Odisha are the largest Jute producing Indian states.
Interesting Facts of Agriculture – Will Amaze You
Agriculture is one of the largest sectors, and also its history is very long. This is the reason that it has many facts which surprise you. Some of the fantastic facts are mentioned below about agriculture which amazes you.
- India counted as the 2nd largest producer and 7th largest exporter of agricultural goods.
- India is the second-largest fruits and vegetables producer.
- Crayons are grown from Soybeans.
- India is the biggest milk producer.
- The fungus helps to grow trees.
Top 5 Tractor Brands in India
Many different types of machines use for growing these crops, such as tractors, harvester, rotavator, and many more. Various tractors brands are available which manufactured these beneficial machines. In the down section, we shortlisted the top 5 tractor brands.
These brands produce and export many efficient tractors and farming machines. They are not only famous in India also they have high popularity in the International tractor market.
These are all about the Top 5 most profitable crops of India. I hope you got full details regarding all about this topic. For more exciting and informative topics, stay tuned with us. To get the latest updates about tractors, visit TractorGuru.