Rose Flower Farming Tips in India - Rose Varieties

There are about 150 wild rose species and 30,000 cultivated types. However, in India, 25 wild rose species are found, with 8 helping create modern Hybrid Tea roses.
To prepare the land for roses, plow the field first. Then, dig pits at 2.0 x 1.0 m spacing, each 45 cm deep. Before planting, add 10 kg of FYM mixed with Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria to each pit.
Roses thrive in well-drained sandy loam soil with pH 6-7. They need at least 6 hours of bright sunshine daily. The ideal day temp is 26°C, while night temp is 15°C.
Roses are typically planted after monsoon, best in September-October or February-March in hills. For cut flowers, spacing of 60 x 30 cm is advised, while plants are usually planted 60 x 60 cm apart.
Caterpillars like orange tortrix and tussock moth may eat rose leaves, flowers, and buds. They can tie leaves with silk. The tobacco budworm might bore into flower buds.
Harvest roses with sharp secateurs when buds are tight, color is rich, and petals haven't opened. Leave 1-2 mature leaves (with five leaflets) on the plant after cutting.
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