Potato Farming in India and Types of Potato varieties

Loamy or sandy loam soil enriched with organic matter is suitable for potato farming. Also, it needs soil with good aeration and drainage and a pH value of 5.2 to 6.4.
To achieve proper growth, the best temperature is 20°C to 24°C. However, potatoes can be grown in a variety of climates, but the ideal climate should be moderately cool.
We should evenly plough the field 20 to 25 cm with a soil-turning plough to get a suitable tilth land. Then, make seed beds for planting the tubers in potato farming.
Drip irrigation or sprinkler irrigation is recommended in potato farming, and it requires 1 to 2 inches of water every seven days or sufficient rainfall for a higher yield.
Depending on the variety and soil type, we can harvest potatoes in about 2 months. Also, we should harvest potatoes in hilly areas when the soil does not have moisture.
Potatoes give about 25 tons of yield per hectare, and farmers get an average market price of Rs. 1174 per quintal across all varieties.
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