Guava, rich in vitamin C, pectin, fibre, and antioxidants, offers highly remunerative fruit farming. It adapts to diverse soils and climates and tolerates drought and frost.
Well-drained soils with a depth of 0.5 to 1m and a pH of 4.5 to 8.2 is suitable for guava farming. It prefers sandy loam or clay loam soil with organic matter, without waterlogging and salinity problems.
Guava is suitable for tropical and sub-tropical regions, tolerating high temperatures and drought prevalent in north India's summers. It requires around 100cm of rainfall during July-September
Propagation methods include seeds, cuttings, grafting, and budding, but seed propagation is not advised due to low yield and fruit quality. Air layering and stooling are common vegetative propagation techniques.
Guava cultivation in India is possible year-round, with the rainy season (June-September) and spring season (February-March) being the most suitable times for planting.
Guava fruits are harvested when they transition from dark green to yellowish-green. Harvesting time depends on variety and region, with an average yield of 15 to 25 tonnes per hectare annually.