Grape Farming in India

Grape-Cultivating Regions

In India, the grape is grown in subtropical, hot-tropical, and moderate tropical climates under various soil and climatic conditions.

Land Preparation

Well-drained loam to sandy loam with good organic matter is the ideal soil type for grapes. Poorly drained, alkaline soils must be avoided.

Ideal Season to Plant

The best time to plant rooted cuttings of cultivated varieties is September-October, while the best time to plant rootstocks is February-March.

Vines Pruning

Pruning should be done in January each year while the vines are still dormant.

Fertilizers and Manures

After pruning, apply entire farmyard manure (FYM) and superphosphate, as well as half N and half K fertilizer. After the fruit sets in April spread the remaining N and K.

Weeding Control

The weeds receive plenty of irrigation, food, and sunshine in vineyards that use the Kniffin and head method, allowing them to grow. Therefore, weed control is essential.


In vineyards, no intercrop should be grown because doing so would compromise the training of the vines.

Harvesting and Yielding

Since the bunches of grapes do not all ripen at once, grapes are harvested through repeated pickings. Therefore, the most reliable sign of a bunch's ripeness is its flavour.

Pests used in Grape Farming

Flea beetles, thrips, mealy bugs, and leafhoppers are the most significant pests in grape production in India.

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