Apricot Farming Tips in India - Types of Varieties
Posted - Jul 28, 2023
The popular types of apricot varieties are Gold Sweet Apricot, Autumn Glo Tree, Tomcot, Autumn Royal and Perfection, and these varieties give a profitable yield.
Apricot trees thrive best in temperatures between 0°C to 8°C, and any other temperature range can be harmful for them. The trees need 600 to 900 hours of cold temperatures.
A sandy loam or clayey soil is considered best for apricot farming. The suitable pH range of soil should be 6.0 to 7.0 to obtain a high-quality production of apricots.
The field is well ploughed to obtain the desired tilth land. Pits of size 3 x 3 x 3 feet are prepared one month before the planting process in apricot farming.
Using suitable weedicides and manual methods is recommended for weed control in apricot farming. Avoid waterlogging in the field to minimise the occurrence of weeds.
Covering the apricot tree basins with a 10 cm thick layer of hay is preferred for the cultivation of apricots. There should be proper drainage of water in the field as well.
The major diseases and pests in apricot farming are Oriental Fruit Moth, Mealy Plum aphid, Bacterial canker, Eutypa dieback, Shot Hole and Powdery Mildew.
The harvesting process in apricot farming is carried out between May and June. We can obtain a yield from apricot trees after 5 years, which is a maximum between 8 and 10 years.